With a focus on both rhetoric and American Literature, AP English Language challenges students to read closely, recognizing nuances and underlying meanings, as well as to write cogently, employing a concise and sophisticated style. Different from the English courses in the freshman and sophomore years, AP Language explores the rhetorical strategies writers use to convey their messages effectively through rhetorical and stylistic devices, also expecting students to use those strategies in their own writing. Students write an interdisciplinary research paper inspired by their summer reading assignment, and they write numerous shorter essays, both timed in class and at home. Besides the study of rhetoric, students read fiction to examine the artists’ critique of American society and its ever-present moral conflict between the individual and conformity. Students confront the real-life challenges of American life and history as reflected in both fiction and non-fiction. Students should enter the course with strong critical reading skills and well-developed writing skills, ready for the rigor of a college-level course. All students will take the College Board’s A.P. English Language exam in May.